Αν κανείς ξέρει αγγλικά και έχει υπομονή θα μείνει έκπληκτος από το κείμενο. Όχι δεν προέρχεται από κανένα μαρξιστικό κέντρο. Το αντίθετο. Το ίδρυμα που έχει χρηματοδοτήσει την έρευνα είναι το INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND με απλά λόγια το "διεθνές νομισματικό ταμείο".
Μετά συγκρίνετε τα συμπεράσματα της έρευνας με τις προτάσεις Λαγκάρτ και σια και βρίστε ελεύθερα....
Από εκεί αντιγράφω ένα μικρό κομμάτι:
Widening income inequality is the defining challenge of our time. In advanced economies, the gap between the rich and poor is at its highest level
in decades. Inequality trends have been more mixed in emerging markets and developing countries (EMD Cs), with some countries experiencing declining
inequality, but pervasive inequities in access to education, health care, and finance remain. Not surprisingly then, the extent of inequality, its drivers, and what to do about it have become some of the most hotly debated issues by policymakers and
researchers alike. Against this background, the objective of this paper is two-fold.
First, we show why policymakers need to focus on the poor and the middle class.
Earlier IMF work has shown that income inequality matters for grow th and its sustainability. Our analysis suggests that the income distribution itself matters for growth as well. Specifically, if the income share of the top 20 percent (the rich) increases, then GDP growth actually declines over the medium term, suggesting that the benefits do not trickle down. In contrast, an increase in the income share of the bottom 20 percent (the poor) is associated with higher GDP growth. The poor and the middle class matter the most for growth via a number of interrelated economic, social, and political channels.
Second, we investigate what explains the divergent trends in inequality developments across advanced economies and EMDCs, with a particular
focus on the poor and the middle class. While most existing studies have focused on advanced countries and looked at the drivers of the Gini coefficient and the income of the rich, this study explores a more diverse group of countries and
pays particular attention to the income shares of the poor and the middle class—the main engines of growth.
....https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/sd ... dn1513.pdf